Camera movement OR move with camera...

There are always two means of camera movement in a film or video: either an object moves in front of the camera, or the camera moves. These movement types can also be combined, whereby the object in front of the camera moves as does the camera.

Movement in front of the camera 

During the early period of film production, a movement was restricted to filming scenes with a camera on a rigid tripod. The fathers of cinema let the images run in the best literal sense and that until they had run out of the film.  These films concentrate on the people’s own motion or the movement of objects in front of the camera. The camera itself does not change its position.

The moving camera

The second means of movement in film or video is created by the movement of the camera. It is self-evident that in a shot it is not unimportant whether the object in front of the camera is also still in motion or not.

The modern camera, which has become increasingly light and wieldy as a result of the technological advances, learned to fly and hop or to hover in a calm curved course as if on rails. In order to achieve this, new terminology was required for camera movements. The corresponding specialist terms can be called as the basic camera moves in the context of its day to day usage.

The Basic Camera Moves

The basic moves are used in every video and film production, from those used by your wedding videographers to those used by film industry itself. Such as:

Pan or panorama;




Pedestal; and,



Pan is when the camera moves from left to right but the base is still.  Moving the camera lens to one side or another. Look to your left, then look to your right - that's panning.


Tilt is when the camera points up or down.  Moving the cameras lens up or down while keeping its horizontal axis constant. Nod your head up and down - this is tilting.


Zoom is a lens movement. It involves changing the focal length of the lens to make the subject appear closer or further away in the frame. Most video cameras today have built-in zoom features. Some have manual zooms as well, and many have several zoom speeds. Zooming is one of the most frequently-used camera moves and one of the most overused. 


Pedestal is when the camera and the mount move up or down. Moving the camera up or down without changing its vertical or horizontal axis. A camera operator can do two types of pedestals: pedestal up means "move the camera up;" pedestal down means "move the camera down." You are not tilting the lens up, rather you are moving the entire camera up. Imagine your camera is on a tripod and you're raising or lowering the tripod head (this is exactly where the term comes from).


Truck is when the camera and the mount move right or left to follow a subject. Trucking is like dollying, but it involves motion left or right. Truck left means "move the camera physically to the left while maintaining its perpendicular relationship." This is not to be confused with a pan, where the camera remains firmly on its axis while the lens turns to one direction or the other. You might truck left to stay with a pedestrian as she walks down a street.

Disclaimer: All the images are taken from google only for the illustration purpose in the context of the topic.